Management and Shipment of Radioactive Waste
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Radioactive waste means radioactive materials that are not intended for further use. They are subject to regulatory control.
In principle, the company must endeavour to avoid or at least minimise radioactive waste when carrying out practices. The "exercising of a practice" is a human activity that may increase the exposure of persons to radiation from a radiation source and is treated as a planned exposure situation.
If radioactive waste arises from such a situation, the company is responsible for safe management thereof. For this reason, documents containing, amongst others, information on radioactive waste must be submitted to the authorities as early as the radiation protection licensing procedure (section 10 of the Allgemeine Strahlenschutzverordnung 2020):
- the type and average quantity per year,
- the contained radionuclides and their activity concentrations,
- the intended method of disposal,
- possible temporary storage.
If radioactive waste is generated during practices, it must be collected and labelled in the company, taking into account the conditions of acceptance of the waste management facility. The collection must be carried out in containers exclusively intended for this purpose (section 116 of the Allgemeine Strahlenschutzverordnung 2020).
The recipient of a highly active sealed source must, in principle, conclude an agreement with the manufacturer or supplier for the subsequent return of the source (section 44 of the Strahlenschutzgesetz 2020). Only in justified individual cases may the authority permit exceptions to this obligation.
If such cannot be discharged or cleared, radioactive waste shall be handed over to Nuclear Engineering Seibersdorf GmbH for treatment and interim storage (section 125 of the Allgemeine Strahlenschutzverordnung 2020).
Under certain circumstances, it is also possible to ship radioactive waste to foreign facilities for reprocessing or disposal (section 146 of the Strahlenschutzgesetz 2020). Such shipments are subject to the Radioactive Waste Shipment Ordinance. However, such shipments are burdensome, as the relevant permits and consents must be obtained from the authorities of the country of origin and the recipient country, as well as from any transit countries.
Enterprises producing radioactive waste
- For the authorisation of disposal within the framework of the authorisation of practices: the licensing authority as per the radiation protection legislation
- For shipments abroad: Federal Ministry for Climate Action, Environment, Energy, Mobility, Innovation and Technology, Department V/8 – Radiation Protection (→ BMK)
Within the framework of the radiation protection licensing procedure for practices, it is determined how radioactive waste is to be managed. To this end, the applicant for a licence must provide the appropriate information on the expected volume of waste during the licensing procedure.
If a shipment of radioactive waste outside the country is planned, the application is to be made using a standard accompanying document according to Appendix 1 of the Radioaktive Abfälle-Verbringungsverordnung.
- Sections 10, 116 and 125 of the Allgemeine Strahlenschutzverordnung 2020
- Sections 44 and 146 of the Strahlenschutzgesetz 2020 (Radiation Protection Act 2020)
- Radioaktive Abfälle-Verbringungsverordnung 2009 (Radioactive Waste Shipment Ordinance 2009)
- "Verbringung radioaktiver Abfälle" – Application form (→ RIS)German Text
- Management of radioactive waste (→ NES)
responsible for content: Federal Ministry for Climate Action, Environment, Energy, Mobility, Innovation and Technology