New severance payment scheme for employees and freelancers
table of content
For employees whose employment relationship began on or after 1 January 2003, the Betriebliches Mitarbeiter- und Selbständigenvorsorgegesetz (BMSVG) and thus the Abfertigung NEU applies.
Since 1 January 2008, freelancers have also been included in the Abfertigung NEU. This includes all freelance employment relationships that are subject to compulsory insurance under the Allgemeines Sozialversicherungsgesetz (ASVG) and that last longer than 1 month. This also applies to freelance employment relationships existing at 31 December 2007.
These rules apply to all traders from EU Member States in Austria.
An entitlement to the disposal of the Abfertigung NEU exists if 3 years of payments have elapsed since the first contribution payment or the last disposal (contribution periods with different employers must be added together) and in the event of:
- termination by the employer;
- unjustified dismissal or dismissal without fault;
- entitled premature departure of the employee (this also includes maternity or paternity leave);
- termination by mutual agreement;
- death of the employee (in this case the spouse or registered partner and the children for whom family allowance is received are in any case entitled to payment of the severance pay – death benefit);
termination by expiry of time.
The employer’s obligation to pay contributions begins with the start of the employment relationship, with the first month being exempt from contribution.
The employee must notify the occupational pension fund of the desired disposal in writing within 6 months of termination of the employment relationship. The occupational pension fund must comply with the disposal made within 5 working days of the end of the second calendar month after the notification thereof.
The employee’s claim is directed against the occupational pension fund.
There are eight occupational pension funds in Austria. As a rule, the employer decides with which occupational pension fund to conclude a contract.
The Abfertigung NEU is financed by means of a defined contribution system. The employer pays a contribution amounting to 1.53 per cent of the monthly salary and any special payments. This amount is collected by the respective competent health insurance institution and forwarded to an occupational pension fund selected by the employer. In contrast to the stepwise increase provided for in the Abfertigung ALT (old severance payment scheme), the entitlement from the Abfertigung NEU grows continuously.
Certain periods in a valid employment relationship expressly listed in the BMSVG for which no or reduced remuneration is due (e.g. military service, training or civilian service, periods with entitlement to maternity or sick pay, receipt of childcare allowance) are financed by contributions paid by the employer or the family equalisation fund to the occupational pension fund.
The accumulated capital is preserved in all types of termination of employment, regardless of the duration of the employment. A loss of entitlement to severance pay, as in the case of the Abfertigung ALT (e.g. in the event of resignation), no longer occurs.
If the employee has a right to dispose of the severance pay, he or she has the following options:
- payment of severance pay;
- continued investment of the severance pay in the same occupational pension fund;
- transfer of the severance payment to the occupational pension fund of a new employer;
transfer of the severance payment to a pension scheme (e.g. pension fund).
The employment relationship ends on 18 March 2012. In this case, the employee must notify the occupational pension fund in writing of the desired disposal by 18 September 2012 at the latest. If the employee applies for the disposal on 15 May 2012, the occupational pension fund must comply with the disposal by 6 August 2012 at the latest (5 August 2012 is a Sunday).
It is essential that the severance pay entitlement acquired through the occupational pension fund (the resulting capital amount) is secured by a capital guarantee at all times. This means that if the employee has disposal of the capital amount, he or she will in any case receive at least the capital sum paid in by the employer.
If the employee does not make a declaration of disposal, the severance payment claim (the accumulated capital) is converted into a non-contributory severance payment account; the accumulated capital continues to be invested by the occupational pension fund as before.
No information is available on the documents required.
Costs and fees
There are no charges payable.
There is no right to dispose of the Abfertigung NEU in the event of:
- termination by the employee (except in the case of resignation during part-time employment under the Mutterschutzgesetzv – MSchG or the Väter-Karenzgesetz – VKG)
- resignation without good cause;
- fault of the employee in the dismissal and/or;
the absence of 3 payment years.
In the event of a termination that nullifies any claim or if three years of contributions have not been paid in, there is for the time being no entitlement to dispose of the Abfertigung NEU; the accumulated capital does not expire, however, but continues to be invested in the same occupational pension fund (non-contributory severance payment account).
In the event of claim to a pension from the statutory pension insurance scheme (e.g. old-age pension, corridor pension) or reaching the accrual age for claiming an early retirement pension or a corridor pension, the severance payment can be disposed of in any case, i.e. even if the employment relationship ends in a manner that is detrimental to the employee’s rights of disposal or if the employee has not yet paid in for three years.
- Company pension scheme for employees and the self-employed (→ BMA)German text
- Contact details of the occupational pension funds (→ Österreichische Gesundheitskasse)German text
- "Company pension scheme for all" brochure (→ BMA)German text
- "Social security for freelancers" brochure (→ BMA)German text
- Severance pay calculator (→ Arbeiterkammer)German text
There is no expert information available.
Link to form
There is no form available.
Authentication and signature
Means of redress or appeal
Assistance and problem-solving services
There is no assistance and troubleshooting available.
Further service point
Company pension funds platform (→ WKO)German text
Responsible for the content: Bundesministerium für Arbeit