Minimum corporation tax
Austrian capital companies with unlimited tax liability, and comparable foreign corporations with unlimited tax liability are charged a 'minimum corporation tax' – in the event of both profit and loss. If the actual corporation tax for the current year is lower than the minimum level of taxation or is zero due to a low profit (or a loss), tax is nevertheless payable to the extent of that amount. However, this minimum corporation tax is not lost, but will be charged as an advance payment in later years in which higher profits are achieved. However, minimum corporation tax can only be charged to the extent that corporation tax liability in the respective year exceeds the minimum level of taxation.
The minimum corporation tax is linked to the statutory minimum level of share capital required to establish a corporation. The quarterly minimum tax to be paid per calendar year is 5 per cent of the statutory minimum share capital. If the legal form relevant to determining minimum tax changes during a calendar quarter, the legal form at the beginning of the calendar quarter is decisive in this regard.
The minimum share capital of a company limited by shares is 70,000 Euro. The minimum tax payable per quarter of five per cent is therefore 3,500 Euro.
The minimum share capital for limited liability companies is 35,000 Euro. The quarterly minimum tax to be paid per calendar year is 5 per cent of the statutory minimum share capital of 35,000 Euro, a total therefore of 1,750 Euro.
However, limited liability companies founded after 30 June 2013 only pay a reduced minimum tax per calendar year of 500 Euro for the first five calendar years after their incorporation and of 1,000 Euro for the following five years (incorporation tax benefit). A limited liability company newly incorporated on 1 January 2018 must therefore pay a total of 500 Euro this year, due in quarter shares on 15 February, 15 May, 15 August and 15 November.
responsible for content: Federal Ministry of Finance